Mendel was born in a small village in Austria. His father was a professional gardener. Mendel had a very strong desire for learning and because of poverty he could not continue his studies. At the age of 21 he joined the Augustinian (relating to St. Augustine), Briinn in Austria (now Briino). At the age of 25 Mendel was made priest and then in charge of the church. From 1851 to 1853 Mendel was a student at the University of Vienna, where he studied botany, mathematics, and physics.
|Gregor Johann Mendel|
Mendel began his breeding experiments on the common garden peas (Lathyrus odoratus, note: Pisum sativum is the sweet pea) for which he was allowed a limited space in the monastery garden. In 1865 he presented the results of his experiments to the Briinn society of Natural Science and published his conclusion in the proceeding of the society in 1866.
Mendel knew nothing about chromosomes or the process of mitosis and meiosis. His reasoning was based entirely upon his observation and experiments. Observation, assumption, experimentation and creativity, all of them are evident in Mendel's work. The experiments performed by Mendel were elegant and his conclusion constitute foundation of the modern science of Genetics, Mendel is therefore appropriately called, the father of Genetics.